ULM Pilot License

    1. What is an ultra-light-structured aircraft or ULM?

    Ultra-light-structured aircraft (ULM) are defined in Royal Decree 2876/1982 of 15 October as motorised aeroplanes falling within one of the following categories:

    • Category A. Land, aquatic or amphibious aeroplanes having no more than two occupant seats, whose calibrated loss speed in landing configuration does not exceed 65 km/h and whose maximum permissible take-off mass does not exceed:
    • 300 kg for single-seat ground aeroplanes or 450 kg for two-seater ground aircraft.
    • 330 kg for single-seat seaplanes or amphibious aeroplanes or 495 kg for seaplanes or two-seater amphibious aeroplanes.
    • Category B. Terrestrial, aquatic or amphibious aircraft with no more than two occupants’ seats and whose maximum authorised take-off mass does not exceed:
    • 300 kg for single-seat ground gyroplanes or 450 kg for two-seater ground rotary aircraft.
    • 330 kg for single-seater aeroplanes or amphibians or 495 kg for aquatic or two-seater amphibians.

    These aircraft are regulated at national level both in the field of airworthiness and operation and in the field of training and licences of their pilots, to be expressly excluded from the scope of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

    2. How can I be a ULM pilot?

    In order to be able to act as a ULM pilot it is necessary to obtain the ULM pilot licence regulated by Royal Decree 123/2015 of 27 February.

    In order to obtain the ULM pilot licence, the applicant must be at least 18 years old and take a theoretical-practical course at a training organisation approved by the State Aviation Safety Agency. Although the minimum age required to obtain the license is 18 years, the course may begin at a lower age, requiring a pilot student to be a minimum age of 16.

    In addition, certain psychophysical conditions must be met which are attested by obtaining an aeronautical medical certificate class LAPL.

    After taking the course in a training organisation, the applicant must pass a theoretical test-type examination carried out by AESA as well as a practical examination consisting of a flight test.

    3. Request to issue or modify the ULM pilot licence

    Both to apply for your license, after passing the theoretical and practical examinations of ULM, and to update the contents of it (e.g. revalidations, endorsement of new ratings or renewals), you must complete and submit the following format, and the documentation indicated therein, in accordance with Article 16 of Law 39/2015 of 1 October 2015 on the Common Administrative Procedure of Public Administrations, namely:

    • Registration of the State Aviation Safety Agency.
    • An electronic register of the General State Administration, the Administrations of Autonomous Communities or the entities that make up the Local Government.
    • In the Post Offices
    • In the diplomatic representations or consular offices of Spain abroad.
    • At the Registry Assistance Offices.

    Application format:

    4. Flight time log in ULM

    As holder of an ultralight pilot licence, you must keep and keep up-to-date a flight time record or logbook, in accordance with Article 8(4) of Royal Decree 123/2015 of 27 February 2015.

    In the flight time record (log-book), you will collect all the relevant information and will be very useful, as it is the recognised document to prove the flight experience for the revalidation of the ratings of your license and for other procedures that you may need.

    In the following document you will find informational material on how to record your flight time:

    5. How to Be ULM Flight Instructor?

    In order to be a ULM flight instructor, it is necessary to obtain the corresponding instructor rating recorded in the ULM licence.

    You can consult all the information regarding obtaining this rating by clicking here.

    6. Information of interest

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