December 2015


    Event Reporting System: Regulation 376/2014

    Regulation (EU) No 376/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on the reporting, analysis and monitoring of occurrences in civil aviation repealing Directive 2003/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulations (EC) No 1321/2007 and (EC) No 1330/2007 applies from 15 November 2015.

    The State Aviation Safety Agency (AESA) has carried out since its entry into force in 2014 different activities aimed at adapting to the new regulatory framework that culminated with the holding of a seminar on September 29, 2015 at the facilities of the Ministry of Public Works. The objective of the seminar, aimed at organisations in the sector obliged to establish notification systems by the Regulation, was to present the main developments and changes introduced by the Regulation in relation to the legislation in force so far and to clarify any doubts that may arise.

    The material used in the seminar has been included in a broader guide that reviews the different points of the Regulation and tries to answer the questions that have been raised by the notifiers, grouping all the information into three main sections:

    • General aspects of the Regulation
    • Technical and detailed aspects of the Regulation
    • Protection of information and its sources

    Likewise, a triptych has been published that summarises the key points to take into account by potential notifiers:

    • Why does the SNS improve operational safety?
    • Why a new regulation?
    • Protection
    • The what and who should notify?
    • Who is notified, how and when?
    • Voluntary reporting system

    Both the guide and the triptych are published under the section “Managing safety risks” below.

    New Regulation (EU) No 376/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on occurrence reporting in civil aviation.

    Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1018 establishing a mandatory reporting classification list of occurrences in civil aviation.

    The new Events Regulation shall apply, as provided for in Article 24 thereof, from 15 November 2015. In order to facilitate the adaptation of potential notifiers to the new legislative framework, AESA held a seminar on 29 September 2015 and prepared the following guide material:

    FDM Forum (Flight Data Monitoring)

    On October 29, 2015, the 6th Meeting of the FDM Forum, formed by AESA and the different Spanish commercial air transport companies that have this flight data monitoring system in their respective fleets, took place at AESA Headquarters.

    This meeting discussed topics such as the evolution of the different groups of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) with FDM operators (EofDM), the convenience of developing an FDM protocol model to be subscribed between the company and its pilots and the evolution of GPWS (Ground Proximity Warning System) and TCAS (Traffic Collision Avoidance System) alerts in the companies participating in the Forum.

    In relation to the TCAS alerts, it was possible to demonstrate, by contrasting FDM and SNS data, the effectiveness of several measures developed in order to reduce the number of these alerts in Spanish airspace. Specifically, there has been a decrease in the rate of TCAS alerts for flights carried out between 2014-2015 of 23 % (FDM) and 30 % (SNS).

    Measures taken include the publication on 24 July 2014 of Circular 8/14, which provided that evolving aircraft adjust their vertical speed when approaching an assigned altitude or flight level so that vertical speed is reduced to 1,500 feet per minute when approaching a vertical distance of 1,000 feet above or below the assigned altitude or flight level.

    Guide to Good Practices in Phraseology and Communications

    AESA, in accordance with the provisions of the X meeting of the Committee of Experts on Air Navigation Safety, has developed and published the Guide to Good Practices in Phraseology and Communications in order to present to the aviation sector a set of good practices and recommendations in the field of ground-to-air oral communications, which can serve as a basis for the development of future more specific campaigns within this field.

    As reference material, both the European Action Plan for Air — Ground Comunication Safety and other documents drawn up from studies carried out by various organisations such as ICAO, EUROCONTROL, UK CAA or FSF have been used.

    In addition, there has been the participation of active professionals in the commercial air transport sector (pilots) and the contributions made by various organisations represented by experts in the Committee of Experts on Air Navigation Safety.

    The document is divided into 4 sections, according to the most widespread failures that occur, (radio discipline, confusion of indications, blocked transmissions and loss of communications), plus a chapter dedicated to communications in emergencies.

    It should be noted that this document is not intended to provide an exhaustive list of recommendations, nor to replace any practice or method recommended by ICAO or national regulation, but to strengthen and supplement certain aspects that have been found to be weaker.

    This guide, among others, is published in the section “Safety Risk Management” in the “Material Safety Management Systems Guide” group of the Policy /Recommendations/Guidelines/Information page.

    Guide to Indicators Operational Safety Performance Applicable to Organisations Maintenance Part 145

    On 30 July 2014, the Resolution of the State Aviation Safety Agency was published, laying down the requirements for the establishment of a mechanism equivalent to the safety management system by maintenance organisations.

    One of the parts necessary to implement an equivalent mechanism applicable to maintenance organisations is to establish a set of safety performance indicators.

    The purpose of this guidance material is to provide a list of examples of such safety performance indicators. This list is divided into two parts:

    1. Safety performance indicators that shall at least be established by maintenance organisations. (Annex 1 to the Resolution of 30 July 2014 of the State Aviation Safety Agency.)
    2. Safety performance indicators, by way of example, which maintenance organisations may use in addition to those already set out in the previous point. (Annex 2 to the Resolution of 30 July 2014 of the State Aviation Safety Agency.)

    Its pages present a tab for each indicator, with its metric, the data source, as well as some comments.

    This guide, among others, is published in the section “Safety Risk Management” in the “Material Safety Management Systems Guide” group of the Policy /Recommendations/Guidelines/Information page.

    Recommendations and best practices to mitigate the possible inadequate separation between instrumental or visual outputs and frustrated approaches

    The Air Traffic Incident Analysis and Study Commission (CEANITA) has analysed several incidents in which there has been an inadequate separation between an aircraft in approach that performs frustrated approach/disrupted landing and another that performs a standard or visual exit from the same runway.

    As a result of the facts analysed by CEANITA in different air traffic incidents, recommendations and good practices are included in this document to reduce the number of incidents related to inadequate separation between an aircraft in instrumental exit (SID) or visual, and another that performs a frustrated approach/landing interrupted, following instrumental flight rules, as well as to mitigate the possible inadequate separation in cases where it occurs.

    In the elaboration of these recommendations, in addition to experts from different AESA directorates, commercial air transport pilots and active air traffic controllers have collaborated.

    This guide, among others, is published under the “Security Risk Management” section in the “Security Recommendations” group on the Directives/Recommendations/Guidelines/Information page.


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