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    Minimum requirements for flying any drone from 31 December 2020

    Since 31 December 2020 the European regulations of UAS (drones) have been applicable. This standard affects all drones regardless of their use* (recreative or professional) or size/weight. This section collects the minimum obligations to be fulfilled before flying any drone:

    • Registration as operator: All users intending to fly a drone** must register as operators at the AESA website and obtain the operator number according to European regulations (UAS Operator Registration section). Once the operator number has been obtained, this number should be visibly included in the drone.
    • Training as a pilot: To fly a drone you must have a minimum of qualifying training depending on the operational category in which it is operated. The training and examination of knowledge in order to operate a drone in an open category, subcategories A1 and A3, is accessible via the AESA website (UAS Pilot Training section). The training is telematic and free and after passing the online exam AESA will issue you a certificate.
    • Availability of compulsory liability insurance: an insurance policy covering civil liability against third parties for damages that may arise during and for the execution of each flight carried out, both for recreational and professional purposes, must be contracted. More information on insurance in the section of European UAS/dronesregulations
    • Flight rules: The flight of drones is subject to general rules of operation conditioned, among others, by the weight of the drone, the presence of other people and the proximity to buildings. You can consult the different operational categories in the section “UAS operations/drones”.
    • Place of flight: In addition to the general rules of drone operation, there are limitations on drone flight at certain locations for different reasons: proximity of aerodromes, military zones, protection of critical infrastructure, environmental protection, etc. See the section “Flight with UAS/drones” for flight requirements in the different areas of Spain.
    • Direct Distance Identification System ("DRI"): Operators wishing to fly with open category UAS/drones (A1, A2 and A3) that have class marking (C1, C2 and C3) as well as those wishing to operate in a specific category (under national and European standard scenario or under authorisation) shall be equipped with a direct distance identification system ("DRI"). In relation to this requirement, UAS/drones must have a unique serial number according to ANSI/CTA-2063-A-2019. See the section "Design and production of UAS/drones" for more information


    *Except non-EASA activities (Fire Fight, Search and Rescue, Police, Customs, etc.)

    ** Except for the exceptions set out in the “open category operations” or if you have been hired as a remote pilot or fly for another person, in which case the registration is the drone operating organisation.

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