Frequently asked questions

What are the requirements for conducting a civil aerial demonstration with hot air balloons?

    In order to carry out an aerial demonstration with balloons, Royal Decree 1919/2009 applies. In accordance with Article 26 of this Royal Decree, they must submit a responsible declaration in accordance with the requirements set out in the Royal Decree, and request the publication of a NOTAM as set out in Article 18 of that Royal Decree.

    With regard to take-off areas, we inform you that, according to Commission Regulation 923/2012 of 26 September 2012 laying down air regulations and common operational provisions for air navigation services and procedures; according to its sections SERA.5005, Visual flight rules and SERA.3105, minimum heights: No aircraft should conduct VFR flights over agglomerations of buildings in cities, towns or inhabited places, or over an open-air gathering at a height of less than 300 m (1 000 ft) above the highest obstacle within a radius of 600 m from the aircraft, except where necessary for take-off or landing, or if authorised by the competent authority, regulated by Article 5 of Royal Decree 1180/2018.You can consult the above-mentioned Regulation via the link:

    Since balloons, due to their operating characteristics, do not require the infrastructure designed for the take-off and landing of aeroplanes or helicopters; and that according to point BOP.BAS.100 of Regulation (EU) 2018/395 (, it is the pilot-in-command who determines whether the place for take-off or landing is suitable for the balloon and the operation to be carried out, it must be understood that events can be held in which several balloons take off from an urban area, provided that the organisation has a permit to use the public road by the municipality.

What are the services and equipment required for a demonstration?
    • The mandatory services and equipment are detailed in Article 21 of Royal Decree 1919/2009 and require:
      • communication system (radio or telephone) between the demonstration director or the aeronautical emergency coordinator and the control, ambulance, firefighting and police services
      • PA team to disseminate messages or instructions to the public
      • detailed map of the location of emergency services present during the demonstration, access and exit routes for emergency units and emergency exits for public evacuation
    • Depending on the location:
      • Where the air demonstration takes place at an airport or other type of aerodrome open to air traffic, the emergency plan approved by that aerodrome in accordance with the applicable regulations may be used, unless the size of the aircraft involved in the demonstration requires greater availability of means of protection in the event of an accident or serious incident.
      • Where, by way of exception, the aerial demonstration takes place in installations which are not authorised as aerodromes, even if the aircraft do not land or take off at the demonstration site, the aeronautical emergency services shall include at least
        • Health services at the demonstration site with at least one ambulance and one doctor, and equipped with equipment for first aid and suitably qualified personnel
        • Fire-fighting equipment with at least one suitable intervention vehicle, fitted with appropriate fire extinguishing agents in accordance with Royal Decree 862/2009 of 14 May 2009
      • When operations are carried out over the sea or swamp areas, the aeronautical emergency services shall have life-saving equipment on boats or other vehicles such as helicopters and amphibious or hovercraft vehicles, which can quickly take action and arrive within a minimum of time.
Where can I consult the faculties, responsibilities and functions of the Director of the Demonstration?

    The powers of the demonstration director are detailed in Article 7 of Royal Decree 1919/2009.
    With regard to their functions and responsibilities, they are set out in article 6 of the aforementioned Royal Decree.

Where can I find the application form for issuing a declaration of conformity?

    The application form for the issuance of a declaration of conformity is set out in Annex IV to Royal Decree 1919/2009 of 11 December.
    In addition, it must take into account the provisions of Article 28 of the aforementioned Royal Decree in relation to the information to be included together with the request.

Where can I find the requirements to be met by participants in terms of qualification and experience?

    Participants in a civil air demonstration must meet certain qualification and experience requirements. These requirements are detailed in Article 10 of Royal Decree 1919/2009 and Annex II thereto.

Is insurance compulsory for the conduct of a civil air demonstration?

    Yes, it is necessary to have specific insurance for participation in the air demonstration, differentiated from compulsory insurance for aircraft and other participants, in accordance with Article 32 of Royal Decree 1919/2009.
    Article 33 of the same Royal Decree establishes the minimum increases in the amount of the minimum civil liability cover.

Are there any requirements regarding the content of the Operating Instructions for Participants?

    Oh, yeah, yeah. The content of the Operational Instructions for Participants (IOP) is detailed in Annex I to Royal Decree 1919/2009.


If I carry out the same civil air demonstration every month, do I have to request a declaration of conformity for each demonstration?

    No. Royal Decree 1919/2009 provides for periodic aerial demonstrations so that they can be authorised with a single declaration of conformity. The specific conditions for this type of demonstration can be found in Article 27.

Do all demonstrations require a declaration of conformity to be carried out?

    A declaration of conformity is required for all demonstrations except for the cases referred to in Article 26 of Royal Decree 1919/2009 of 11 December 2009, which are as follows:

    • Events involving exclusively manned balloons.
      • Demonstrations consisting exclusively of parachuting exhibitions.
      • Exhibitions which limit the following activities:
    • Non-motorised skydiving, hang-wing and paragliding;
    • Wings delta and paragliding with motor or model aircraft.
    • Demonstrations or restricted-access civil air exhibits not open to the general public.

    In such cases the organiser must submit a responsible statement at least fifteen (15) days before the date of the event.